Florence Nightingale is the most famous nurse in history. She organized the nursing of the sick and wounded during the Crimean War, where more soldiers were dying from infections like typhus, typhoid, cholera and dysentery than battle wounds. She recognized the risks of nosocomial infections and redesigned patient wards to prevent them. Her ideas and reforms modernized healthcare. Her work inspired the founding of the International Red Cross. Through her achievements, teaching, and legacy she transformed nursing into a respectable profession for women in the 1860’s. In 1983, the Florence Nightingale Pledge was composed as a dedication to the mother of modern nursing.